Copyright - Practical and Financial Issues
A response to comments on Copycat, Copyright and Coincidence.

What is the difference between Copyright and Trademark?


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It is easy to find plenty of information online regarding copyright, trademarks and patents. 
Perhaps an overwhelming amount.  So this post is just to get you started if you want to look into the various forms of legal protection for your work.
COPYRIGHTRADEPATENT.

Start with the U.S. Copyright Office, especially their online page of frequently asked questions (FAQ's).

How is a copyright different from a patent or a trademark?
Copyright protects original works of expression and authorship.
A patent protects inventions or discoveries. 
A trademark protects words, phrases, symbols, or graphic designs that identify the source of the goods or services of one party and distinguishes them from those of others.

Ideas and discoveries are not protected by the copyright law, although the way in which they are expressed may be.

Trademark Copyright_symbol2Nolo Press offers this explanation about the difference between copyright and trademark. "Copyright protects original works of expression, such as novels, fine and graphic arts, music, audio recordings, photography, software, video, cinema, and choreography by preventing people from copying or commercially exploiting them without the copyright owner's permission.

ThreepinBERMAID72GR Copyright laws do not protect names, titles or short phrases. That's where trademark law comes in. Trademark protects distinctive words, phrases, logos, symbols, slogans, and any other devices used to identify and distinguish products or services in the marketplace.

There are, however, areas where both trademark and copyright law may be used to protect different aspects of the same product. For example, copyright laws may protect the artistic aspects of a graphic or logo used by a business to identify its goods or services, while trademark may protect the graphic or logo from use by others in a confusing manner in the marketplace. Similarly, trademark laws are often used in conjunction with copyright laws to protect advertising copy. The trademark laws protect the product or service name and any slogans used in the advertising, while the copyright laws protect the additional creative written expression contained in the ad."

Patent-smooth-criminal-shoes
Patent  Leather Shoes (joke des)

Next destination is the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office web site.  The "PTO" is a separate agency from the Copyright Office.  To obtain a trademark, it is usually a good idea to hire professional legal advice and guidance. While the PTO web site says that most trademark applications are filed online, trademark is not as simple as copyright. From everything I have heard, it is expensive and a service typically performed by attorneys specializing in trademark.

Jasmine72gr
Jasmine Trademark Pin © 2009
Recycled tin cans, sterling silver rivets
Artist: Harriete Estel Berman
Private Collection

The Trademark search is a significant step. The Nolo Press web site has information about doing your own trademark search.

Nolo Press also provides a useful article on Getting a Patent on Your Own if you're interested.  Quoting the Nolo Press web site: "You cannot get a patent just on an idea. You must show how your invention works and your invention must be new. This means it must be different in some important way from all previous inventions. It also cannot be for sale or be known about for more than a year before you apply for a patent."
 
Harriete
ConsumerIcongr72

Authentic Iconic Copyright,
Trademark and Patent Pin
© 2010
Recycled tin cans, sterling silver rivets
Artist: Harriete Estel Berman
Available for purchase on  Etsy







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